- Special Sections
- Public Notices
Many landowners and small enterprises, including local governments, routinely obtain gravel from creeks and streams for road maintenance and fill. While this is an inexpensive way to obtain gravel, it also is illegal. Kentucky regulations clearly require anyone (including governments) to obtain a permit from the Department for Natural Resources before removing gravel from a creek. Anyone found doing so without a permit is subject to citation and fines of up to $5,000 per day.
Creek gravel removal is regulated by the Non-Coal Branch of the Division of Mine Reclamation and Enforcement. The regulation governing creek gravel removal can be found under 405 KAR 405 5:015, which states: “Mineral operations subject to 405 KAR Chapter 5, include: mining of limestone and dolomite; mining of sand and gravel, surface disturbance of dredging of river or creek sand and gravel: mining of clay: mining of fluorspar and other vein minerals. Mineral operations include the surface disturbance of underground mining as well as strip mining.”
Call the Kentucky Department for Natural Resources at (502) 564-2340 and ask for the non-coal branch — the call will pay for itself.
Nitrates rumors can kill cattle. Matt Adams and I have discussed this subject numerous times in the past few months, but it seems there still are misconceptions out there about nitrates. Here’s an article from a Nebraska Extension specialist that may help clear up some misinformation.
“Neighbors, friends, and coffee shops can give great advice, but lately some of the information being spread about nitrates in corn stalks is wrong and could prove deadly. More in a moment. Watch for rumors about nitrates in corn stalks — some of those cause you to lose some of your cattle. For example, some people say that after a freeze the nitrates leave the stalk, so it should be safe to bale or graze corn stalks after a freeze, even if the stalks currently contain high nitrates. In real life, though, a freeze probably will have no effect on nitrate levels. Almost all our corn plants will be mature and dead before it freezes this fall. And if some plants are still green and alive, a freeze actually might cause a brief increase in nitrate levels.
“Other folks assume it will be safe to graze stalks after grain harvest. And in most situations they are correct, but not all the time. Nitrates do tend to decline as plants mature, and plants that produce grain tend to have lower nitrate concentrations. Also, the husks and leaves that cattle prefer only rarely have high nitrate concentrations. But notice that we didn’t say always. The words tend and rarely were used. This has been a stressful year. Dryland fields still may have high nitrates, especially in that lower stalk. Producers may be tempted to force animals to graze stalks a bit harder than usual this year. Cattle may start out selecting safe husks and leaves, but as that supply declines they will graze more of the lower stalks with potentially dangerous nitrate concentrations.
“Play it safe. Before grazing, sample your stalks. Check nitrates in the lower foot of stalk. Check nitrates in the upper portion along with leaves and husks. What you discover could save your animals.”
Farm Safety. The entire staff of the Hardin County Cooperative Extension Service along with all of Hardin County’s Agricultural Community mourns the loss of another one of our key agricultural leaders, Pat Owsley, in a farming accident. Our thoughts and prayers go out to all his family members, friends, and those involved in locating him and the first responders.
We ask that you please lift up his family, and all our local farm families, as they complete this rather unique and disappointing fall harvest and planting season. These folks continue to work in one of the nation’s top five most dangerous jobs to bring us the food we require each day. Pray that we lose no more of these men and women in another farming accident.
Doug Shepherd is a Hardin County Extension agent for agriculture and natural resources.